A Great Hypothyroid Diet you Should Consider

July 17, 2013

Hypothyroidism is basically a disease of the thyroid gland, gland which is responsible with producing certain types of hormones that regulate protein synthesis and metabolism. When the thyroid gland is affected by this disease, it will start producing a lower level of hormones and then you’ll begin to suffer from what is known as hypothyroidism. However, the good news is that you can consider a hypothyroid diet in order to help you out with feeling better and leading a normal life, diet that we will focus on in the article below.


L-Tyrosine is a very important amino acid that is vital for the production of thyroid hormones. Even though your body can produce this amino acid, there are also many foods that contain it. For example, you can have legumes, seeds, dairy products, bananas, avocados, almonds, fish, turkey and chicken and be able to increase your body’s supply of L-Tyrosine. As a result, this will facilitate a normal thyroid function.


The production of Iodine is very important when you’re suffering from hypothyroidism and you can take your daily supply of it through the foods you eat. For example, you can find plenty of this substance in Iodized table salt so that you can be shielded against conditions of the thyroid like goiter. However, there is not enough iodine in table salt so that it reverses or prevents hypothyroidism. If you can have seafood in your area, then you should definitely implement it in your diet, as it’s the best natural source of iodine you can consider. You can also use iodized salt in order to increase your daily intake of iodine to 300 or 400 mcg daily, but don’t go over 600.


Selenium is an important mineral for the body and that is because with its help a few varieties of thyroid hormones are produced. The recommended dosage for it is between 100 and 200 mcg daily and when it comes to the foods you can find it in, they include rice, eggs, tuna, cod, oats, turkey and especially Brazil nuts. Be careful with the dosage though, because going beyond 400 mcg daily can be toxic.Hypothyroid Diet

Other Nutrients

Involved in improving thyroid function are antioxidant vitamins like A, C and E, but also Vitamins B12, B6, B3, B2 and Zinc. To make sure you’ll get them in your system, some of the foods you should include in your hypothyroid diet are shellfish, meat, dairy products (B12), cold pressed olive oil (Vitamin E) and whole grain bread products (B vitamins and Zinc).

Foods to Avoid

There are also some foods that you may like, but they are not really that great with improving your thyroid function. They are goitrogens and if you want to make sure you’ll deactivate the goitrogenic effect, you should cook them well. Thus, the foods you should avoid include pine nuts, peaches, peanuts, spinach, soy, cauliflower, broccoli and cabbage. Also, be sure you’ll avoid stimulants like alcohol, nicotine and caffeine, as these are not good for your hypothyroidism and will make it worse.

Diet for Hypothyroidism: 5 Important Tips

July 17, 2013

Your thyroid gland is located at the base of your neck and it’s basically a large endocrine gland which is responsible with controlling your body’s basal metabolic rate. However, the gland can get sick and when this happens, your underactive thyroid gland will increase the possibility of obesity by slowing down your metabolic rate. Even though most of the times if you suffer from hypothyroidism you can take various medications for it, you should know that the foods you eat will also influence your disease. Below, we’ll learn more about how a good diet for hypothyroidism can help you out in this regard.

1. Dietary Guidelines

If you’re all for vegetarian diets, you should know that even if there isn’t a specific vegetarian plan that was created for people who suffer from hypothyroidism, there are certain dietary guidelines that are quite valuable to be aware of. Thus, you will need to stay away from refined sugars and eat plenty of vegetables and fresh fruits, while at the same time increase your intake of proteins, legumes, beans and whole grains.

Snacking on dates, prunes, apricots and raw seeds is also a great dietary step to take and when you’re cooking foods, be sure you’re using coconut oil or olive oil. On the other hand, the number of meals you should eat needs to be greater than 3, but the secret lies in eating well balanced and small meals throughout the day, because this will help you with your energy levels and keep your sugar blood consistent.Diet for Hypothyroidism

2. Fiber Rich Diet

Fiber is also very important as a hypothyroidism sufferer, but be sure you won’t get too much of it, as this will have a negative effect on thyroid medication. Iodine is very well known as affecting your thyroid function, so that is why you need to go for foods that contain it, with some of them being seaweed, seafood and iodized salt.

3. Soy

It seems that many people are still debating on whether soy is good for hypothyroidism sufferers or not. However, the real question about it regards whether or not the phytoestrogens in this food have a negative effect on your thyroid or not. Based on research by an endocrinologist at Mayoclinic dot com, he has found no evidence that would paint this correlation.

If there’s something that soy will ultimately affect for sure, that is your body’s ability of absorbing synthetic thyroid medications. Because of that, you need to consider taking your medications the minute you wake up and then consider soy made foods three to four hours after that.

4. Cruciferous Vegetables

A second debate regards the consumption of such vegetables if you’re a hypothyroidism sufferer. To name some of them, they are cauliflower, kale, broccoli, cabbage and Brussels sprouts. However, these vegetables contain goitrogens which means that they will affect your thyroid hormone regulation. The good news is that you can easily deactivate goitrogens by cooking your foods and thus take advantage of their cancer protective and antioxidant effects.

5. Vital Considerations

Last but not least, it has been shown that by exercising, you will help your body a lot with regaining its metabolism. However, before you’ll consider a diet for hypothyroidism or an exercise program, always consult your physician or doctor first.

What Causes Hypothyroidism: 3 Main Causes

July 17, 2013

The thyroid gland is basically a small organ that has the shape of a butterfly and it’s located in the front area of your neck, being responsible with producing two very important hormones, called thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). The hormones your thyroid gland produces are vital for many bodily functions like brain development, respiratory rate, heart rate and temperature, so a disruption in their production can seriously affect your body. If you’ve been recently diagnosed with hypothyroidism and you want to know what causes hypothyroidism, then you’ll learn more about it by reading the paragraphs below.

1. Hashimoto’s Disease

Hashimoto’s Disease is an autoimmune disorder and it’s basically the main cause of hypothyroid disorder. If you are suffering from this condition, then you’ll find that your body’s immune system will attack and eventually damage your thyroid gland. As a result, the gland won’t be able to produce thyroid hormones anymore and you’ll get to suffer from hypothyroidism. In what regards treatment for Hashimoto’s disease, you can consider taking thyroid replacement hormones.

2. Thyroiditis

Thyroiditis describes an inflamed thyroid gland and it can be responsible for emptying or causing the leakage of all stored thyroid hormones in your blood. Most of the times, the majority of thyroiditis cases are caused by an infection or an autoimmune condition. If you’re suffering from thyroiditis you should know that it causes temporary hyperthyroidism, but eventually hypothyroidism can develop.

There are also various types of thyroiditis which can make your thyroid become underactive. To include some of them, they are silent thyroiditis, postpartum thyroiditis and subacute thyroiditis. When it comes to silent thyroiditis and postpartum thyroiditis they’re known to being autoimmune conditions which sometimes, may develop into permanent hypothyroidism. It’s easy to diagnose if your suffering from sub-acute thyroiditis, because this is a condition that’s painful and most of the times it’s caused by viral infections. The good news is that in a few months it may abate on its own.

3. Congenital Hypothyroidism

This type of hypothyroidism will generally be the case in newborns that are born either with an undeveloped thyroid gland or a malfunctioning one. According to reports from the Mayo Clinic, there are 3000 infants in the United States who are born with this condition. If it’s untreated or undetected, congenital hypothyroidism may lead to severe health problems and in some cases mental retardation. That is why in the majority of the states thyroid screening for infants is necessary.

Other Causes for Hypothyroidism

If you have a surgery that involves removing al or a part of your thyroid gland, then you should know that this may cause hypothyroid disorder. There are many reasons to who you may have to take the surgery and they number goiters, thyroid cancer and hyperthyroidism. If your thyroid is removed, you should know that you have to take medications for the rest of your life. At the same time, another cause of hypothyroidism lies in pituitary problems and an iodine deficiency.

With that being said, these are the main aspects you need to know in regards to what causes hypothyroidism. By being aware of them, you’ll be able to take the required steps for curing your hypothyroidism as soon as possible.

Hypothyroid Diet Plan: The Top Thyroid-friendly Foods

July 17, 2013

You thyroid gland is one of the most important organs in the body, being responsible for the production of hormones that are vital for regulating your metabolism. When your thyroid hormone production is reduced, then your body will immediately start feeling the effects. However, the good news is that you’ll be able to consider a hypothyroid diet plan which will help you a lot with managing the low levels of hormones your thyroid gland produces.

What Is Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is a disease of thyroid gland that occurs when the latter doesn’t produce enough hormones. This can happen in many cases, especially when the thyroid is not functioning well because of stress, if infants are born with congenital hypothyroidism or if you have your thyroid gland removed surgically. As a result, certain hormones won’t be produced in adequate quantities and you may get to experience symptoms like depression, goiter, dry skin, weight gain, fatigue, constipation and cold intolerance.

Hypothyroidism Diet Effects

Even if it may sound really bad when you first receive your diagnosis as suffering from hypothyroidism, you should know that this is not really the end of your life. As a result, you’ll have to make big changes in your lifestyle and diet. This means that there needs to be a consistent, but also conscious plan for your daily food intake so that you can prevent the symptoms and also flares that may disrupt your daily routine. So to cut things shorter, if you respect your diet plan, then you shouldn’t worry about any symptom attacks in the future.

Foods Recommended For Hypothyroidism

When you’re suffering from hypothyroidism is very much recommended that you’ll go for foods that are rich in iodine. In the list below, you’ll find a list of great food sources that will supply your body with the much needed substance:

  • Celtic sea salt
  • Nori rolls
  • Sushi
  • Salt water fish
  • Seaweeds and seafood
  • Iodized salt

Selenium Rich Foods

Selenium is also very much necessary for a well functioning thyroid gland and that is why you should include foods that contain it in your daily diet. Some of them are:

  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Dairy products
  • Brazil nuts
  • Whole unrefined grains
  • Tuna
  • Salmon
  • Chicken
  • Meat

When you’re suffering from an underactive thyroid gland, then you should certainly increase your iodine intake. This means that having a diet which includes iodine rich foods will help you a lot with your condition. As a result, by considering the foods mentioned below, you will certainly assist your thyroid in making sure that it can keep up with your metabolism.

List Of Foods To Avoid When You Suffer From Hypothyroidism

While we talked about some foods that you need to consider when you’re suffering from hypothyroidism, you should know that there are also some foods you should avoid. They are as following:

  • Spinach
  • Coffee
  • Alcohol
  • Peaches
  • Rutabagas
  • Cauliflower
  • Millet
  • Mustard
  • Mustard greens
  • Turnips
  • Kale
  • Peanuts
  • Kohlrabi
  • Linseed
  • Cassava

As you can see, if you’re on a hypothyroid diet, by considering the foods above and disregarding the bad ones, you’ll finally manage to get in control of your thyroid gland’s hormone production and eventually lead a normal life.

7 Important Signs that You’re Suffering from Hypothyroidism

July 17, 2013

Recent research shows that almost 59 million Americans have problems with their thyroid and what is more surprising is that most of them don’t even know about this yet. The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland which is located in the neck and it’s the main gland that regulates your metabolism. If your thyroid doesn’t function properly, then it can affect your body in many ways, especially your energy levels and weight. In the article below, you will learn more about the signs of hypothyroidism so that you can know when it’s time to go to your doctor and consider a treatment for your thyroid problem.

1. Tendonitis, carpal tunnel, joint and muscle pains

Plantar fasciitis in the feet, the tendency of developing tarsal tunnel in the legs, carpal tunnel in the hands and arms, weaknesses in the arms, but also pains and aches in your joints and muscles can all be symptoms of undiagnosed thyroid problems.

2. Neck enlargement\discomfort

A visibly enlarged thyroid, a hoarse voice, discomfort when wearing neckties or turtlenecks and a feeling of swelling in the back can all be signs of a thyroid condition known as “goiter”. This basically describes an enlarged thyroid gland which is a symptom that you’re suffering from a thyroid disease.

3. Skin and hair changes

Thyroid conditions will affect your skin and hair and most of the times, hair loss is associated with an unhealthy thyroid function. So if you’re suffering from hypothyroidism, your skin will become scaly, dry, thick and coarse, while your hair can become dry, coarse and brittle eventually breaking off and falling out quite easily. If you’re suffering from hypothyroidism, you’ll notice that the hair in the outer edge of your eyebrows will start to fall off, while suffering from hyperthyroidism will make your skin thin, fragile and cause severe hair loss.

4. Bowel Problems

IBS or irritable bowel syndrome and diarrhea are associated with hyperthyroidism, while long term or severe constipation is generally associated with hypothyroidism.

5. Fertility problems and menstrual irregularities

More painful, more frequent and heavier periods are generally the case if you’re suffering from hypothyroidism, while infrequent, lighter and shorter menstruation can be associated if you suffer from hyperthyroidism. In what regards infertility, it can also be associated with various undiagnosed thyroid conditions.

6. Anxiety and depression

If you suffer from anxiety and depression, then there’s a chance that you have a thyroid disease. Panic attacks and anxiety are most of the times associated with hyperthyroidism, while depression is something that people who suffer from hypothyroidism will get to experience. If you have been diagnosed with depression, taken antidepressants and didn’t see any improvements, then it might be that you have an undiagnosed thyroid disorder.

7. Weight changes

If you’re on a low calorie, low fat diet and considering a very good exercise program, you may be failing to gain or lose any weight. If the latter is the case, then you could be suffering from hypothyroidism. Bear in mind that unexplained changes in your weight can signal that you suffer from either hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.

With that being said, these are the main signs you should be on the lookout for if you want to know whether you’re suffering from hypothyroidism or not. By indentifying them, you’ll be able to get help faster and thus increase the chances of curing your problem fast.

8 of the Best Hypothyroidism Natural Treatment Solutions

July 17, 2013

If you’ve been recently diagnosed with hypothyroidism, then you should know by now that this is a condition in which your thyroid gland just doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones. As a result, your metabolism will be affected, but you will also get to suffer from other physical problems. Gender wise, it seems that women are the ones who will most of the times suffer from it, with a percentage of 90 being the case in this regard. However, the good news is that you can cure your hypothyroidism in many ways and in the following paragraphs, this article will explore the many hypothyroidism natural treatment solutions you can consider.

1. Kelp

One of the first things you can use in order to make sure you cure your hypothyroidism is kelp which is basically a marine plant that’s credited with regulating body weight, metabolism and body temperature. So after consuming the plant, it will bring balance to the underactive thyroid gland.

2. Nettle herbal remedies

These types of remedies are very effective and nettle is a common herb which is very rich in iodine. When you suffer from hypothyroidism, you have a low level of iodine in your system, iodine that is normally produced by your thyroid gland. Thus, as a great natural treatment, you should consider foods that are rich in iodine.Hypothyroidism Natural Treatment

3. Black walnut

One of the richest sources of organic iodine seems to be found in black walnuts and that is why many nutritionists recommend people who suffer from hypothyroidism to consume them. After you’ll do so, the thyroid hormone production will be stimulated and you’ll start feeling better, as your hypothyroidism is combated.

4. Guggal

It’s not Google (the search engine), but guggal actually which is a flowering shrub that seems to be a vital substance in the Native American medicine. Using it, you will manage to increase the production of thyroid hormones in your system.

5. Green oats

Maybe you never thought about them as being that useful, but they indeed will help you with curing your hypothyroidism. Not only that, but they are also believed to be quite great for regulating your metabolism. When considering this herb, you’ll generally find that doctors recommend you combine it with other herbal thyroid medicines for an even more potent effect (supplements are a great example in this regard).

6. Flaxseeds

You can also take flaxseed tablets or capsules, which will certainly help you with increasing your hormone production. Be careful though in what regards the dosage, as it should be between 1 to 1,5 milligrams 2 to 3 times per day.

7. Ayurvedic remedies

Maybe you didn’t know, but ayurvedic medicine could help you a lot with curing your hypothyroidism. A few examples of such medicines include paonia ginseng, coleus forskohliiv and cinnamon which are great for easing your hypothyroidism symptoms. A good idea before considering them would be to visit an Ayurvedic practitioner who can guide you on making the best choice.

8. Exercise

Last but not least, you should know that exercising will help you a lot with your hypothyroidism. Many find that aerobic exercises are just what they need and not only are they effective, but are also easy to do even at home.

As you can see, if you’re looking for a hypothyroidism natural treatment now you have several of them to consider. Good luck with curing your condition!

Top 5 Hypothyroidism Treatments You Should Consider

July 17, 2013

If you suffering from hypothyroidism, then you should know what this mainly describes an underactive thyroid. Your thyroid gland is vital for your body, because it produces hormones which control not only your metabolism, but also your temperature, heart rate and other vital functions. If you’re looking for a hypothyroidism treatment the good news is that they come in many forms, ranging from medications (hormonal drugs) to surgery.

People who are suffering from hypothyroidism will generally have symptoms that include joint pain, muscle pain, hair thinning, dry or puffy eyes, constipation, deepened voice, weight gain and fatigue, while the factors which can cause the disease may lie in the use of previous hyperthyroid treatment. Regarding the onset of the disease, it’s generally gradual.

1. Hormone Replacement Drugs

One of the main treatments that you can use for your hypothyroidism lies in the use of hormone replacement drugs. You can find them in the form tablets and you’re required to take them for up to six months so that your thyroid function is balanced. During the treatment though your blood levels need to be monitored and you’ll unfortunately have to consider the pills for the rest of your life.

2. Supplements

It seems that supplements can actually be a good alternative when you’re suffering from a hypothyroid condition. If your case is a mild one, then you may add various nutrients to your diet, such as L-tyrosine, Vitamin A, selenium and iodine, as they will help you a lot. Be sure that you will only consider these alternatives while being supervised by your physician.

Also, be careful with foods like cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts and broccoli, as these will impair the uptake of iodine in the thyroid and eventually your thyroid function will be negatively affected.

3. Homeopathic Treatment

By combining homeopathic treatment with prescription drugs for treating your hypothyroid, you will actually get some pretty nice results. Some examples of homeopathic treatments include Lycopus and Iodum, but bear in mind that considering them should be monitored by your homeopath or your physician.

4. Environment

As strange as it may sound, the environment in which you live in may affect your thyroid functions. The chemicals in cigarettes, pesticides and also herbicides can easily disrupt the hormones controlling your thyroid. If you want to relieve the pains and aches associated with hypothyroid conditions, you should know that acupuncture treatments are very efficient in this regard.

5. Surgery

Many of us will choose to undergo surgery when suffering from hypothyroidism and if you had one, you’ll sometimes experience fluid retention or local swelling. The buildup of fluid has been shown though to be relieved by using massaging neck therapy in 50% of the patients that had this treatment. However, if you have an enlarged thyroid, you should not consider a neck massage.

With that being said, you should consider having a hypothyroidism test and then schedule an appointment with your physician in order to discuss about the severity of your hypothyroid. Some of the options presented above may be a very good approach for your case, so be sure you see your physician to be properly advised in this regard.

The Best 5 Supplements For Hypothyroidism Sufferers

July 17, 2013

When you’re suffering from hypothyroidism you should know that sometimes, instead of considering prescription medicines, you will be recommended using thyroid supplements. So basically, if you’ve been recently diagnosed to suffer from this disease, then you have 2 options with one of them including a prescription drug called Syndroid and the other, radiation therapy. However, most people want to use natural approaches or approaches that have the fewest number of side effects, so going with herbal supplements for hypothyroidism is the best choice to take. Below you’ll manage to learn more about the best ones you can use.

1. Kelp

An important role in thyroid health is played by kelp and that is due to the fact that it contains iodine. There are many things that hypothyroidism will cause and some of them are anemia, hair loss, depression and weight gain, but luckily you can keep your thyroid gland in control and avoid all of these. Make sure that before you’ll start using kelp, to get in touch with your doctor and see if you have an iodine deficiency or not.

2. Vitamin D

If you have plenty of Vitamin D in your system, then this will be very beneficial for your thyroid gland. This is because many of those who suffer from hypothyroidism actually suffer from a deficiency in Vitamin D as well. You can take this vitamin by consuming certain foods like eggs, sardines and salmon, but also by going out for a walk in the sun or taking it as an over the counter supplement.

3. Vitamin B12

A great supplement if you’re suffering with thyroid problems is Vitamin B12 and if you lack this in your system, you will generally get to suffer from anemia. If you have low levels of Vitamin B12 it can cause confusion, memory issues and also depression, so be sure you get yourself checked to see how you stand in this regard. If you need it, you can find Vitamin B12 pills in drug stores and health food stores, but you can also get it as a shot. However, you need to obtain it through a physician who can regulate the amount of B12 that’s given.

4. Minerals

There are a few minerals which are vital for a healthy thyroid function and they include zinc, iron, selenium and iodine. The latter is vital mineral required in order for your thyroid gland to produce hormones. On the other hand, selenium is useful for supporting the thyroid hormone production and it also helps with conversion of the inactive form of thyroid hormone to the active form. Selenium is also great for protecting the gland from too much iodine.

5. Iron

In what regards iron, this is an element that’s required by the peroxidase enzyme that contributes in the thyroid hormones’ synthesis. Remember though that hormones are generated by the thyroid gland only after it has been stimulated by the pituitary gland. The latter will receive its chemical commands from the hypothalamus. So as you can see, a healthy thyroid function depends on the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland as well, with zinc being required for the hypothalamus so that the right hormones are produced for incepting the process.

By following these tips, you’ll eventually manage to keep your hypothyroidism in control and make sure other functions of your body are not negatively affected by it. Good luck with that!

Hypothyroidism In Women: The Symptoms You Could Already Have

July 17, 2013

Hypothyroidism is an unpleasant and sometimes life threatening condition that is caused when your body does not produce enough thyroid hormones. Your thyroid regulates many of the processes that go on throughout your body, so this disorder can have a wide ranging impact. Often mistaken for a sign of aging, hypothyroidism goes unrecognized in the majority of sufferers. The following are some of the most common underactive thyroid symptoms in women:

Excessive Tiredness

One of the most persistent features of hypothyroidism is excessive tiredness. Sufferers regularly feel exhausted as soon as they wake up and find that even 8-10 hours of sleep a night leaves them fatigued. If you can’t get through the day without taking a nap, an underactive thyroid may be the cause.

Weight Gain

The thyroid plays an important role in regulating your metabolism, and an underactive thyroid can prevent you from burning calories effectively. Weight gain is a common result. Sufferers often continue to increase in body mass by several pounds every year, despite reducing their calorie intake and increasing their physical activity. Any unexplained changes in your weight can be a sign of hypothyroidism. New research has found that even thyroid function within the normal range, if it is just slightly lower than average, is enough to cause weight gain.

Heavy, Prolonged, and Irregular Menstrual Periods

Hormone levels within a woman’s body are delicately balanced, so when your thyroid does not function correctly, your period may be affected. An irregular or very heavy period caused by low hormone levels is one of the most common thyroid symptoms in women. In severe cases, the condition can even affect fertility and increase the risk of miscarriage.

Depression and Anxiety

An overactive thyroid can have just as bad an impact on your emotional health as your physical wellbeing. On-going mental health problems like depression and anxiety can be the result of a thyroid condition. This is even more likely if the emotional disorder does not respond to antidepressant treatment.


Constipation is a particularly troublesome symptom for many people with a thyroid condition. Hypothyroidism slows down your whole digestive system, resulting in weaker colon contractions and ultimately making you feel sluggish or bloated. If you usually have three bowel movements or fewer per week, you are suffering from constipation and should make a visit to your doctor.

High Cholesterol

High cholesterol which is unexplained by your diet or fitness level, is often the sign of an undiagnosed underactive thyroid. Cholesterol-lowering medication is unlikely to have much effect if hypothyroidism is the underlying cause.

When Should You Visit A Doctor?

It is important to note that patients with a mild form of the disease may experience no symptoms at all. When left untreated however, hypothyroidism can lead to serious health disorders like an enlarged heart, heart disease, or fluid on the lungs. If you are in doubt, it is always worthwhile discussing the issue with your doctor. If you have a family history of thyroid conditions, you are at a much higher risk of developing one yourself.

Congenital Hypothyroidism: Signs, Symptoms and Diagnosis

July 17, 2013

When it comes to congenital hypothyroidism it is specific to newborn babies and describes an inadequate thyroid hormone production. There are a few reasons to why it occurs and they include an iodine deficiency, an inborn error of thyroid metabolism or an anatomic defect in the gland.

Reliable and unreliable screening protocols

Researchers have found in a study concerning the effectiveness of four dried blood spot testing protocols which are basically used for newborn babies that suffer from congenital hypothyroidism some very interesting things. Their discovery lies in the fact that the primary thyrotropin testing programs used don’t actually include serial screening and as a result, they will fail with identifying almost 50% of the newborn babies suffering from this condition and transferred to the neonatal ICU. The screening results paired with TSH and thyroxine testing seems to improve with serial testing.

Signs and symptoms

Infants who suffer from congenital hypothyroidism are generally born after term or at term. Some of the signs and symptoms for this condition are as following:

  • Hoarse cry
  • Hypotonia
  • Constipation or decreased stooling
  • Jaundice
  • Poor growth or small stature
  • Weight gain and poor feeding
  • Large anterior fontanelle
  • Decreased activity

Most of the times the infants who are affected are deemed healthy, due to the fact that they generally sleep and cry quite rarely. However, when it comes to the physical findings of hypothyroidism, they can be present at birth in some cases, while in others they will not. To include them, they are as following:Congenital Hypothyroidism

  • Goiter
  • Myxedema
  • Pallor
  • Developmental delay
  • Dry, cool and mottled skin
  • Umbilical hernia
  • Large fontanelles
  • Macroglossia
  • Coarse facial features

Because of the decreased oxygen carrying requirements, infants who suffer from this condition may also get to suffer from anemia. There are also other birth effects the newborns may exhibit, some of them being ventricular septal and atrial defects.


In order to diagnose primary hypothyroidism, it needs to be confirmed by demonstrating elevated levels of thyroid stimulating hormone or TSH and lower levels of thyroid hormone (free or total T4). If maternal antibody – mediated hypothyroidism is suspected, the diagnosis can be confirmed by neonatal and maternal anti-thyroid antibodies.

If there’s a combination of a serum TSH and low-normal or low serum total T4 levels within the reference range, this will basically point to what is known as a TBG or thyroid binding globulin deficiency. Even though this disorder doesn’t cause any pathologic consequence, it’s better to be recognized to avoid unnecessary administration of thyroid hormones.

Thyroid scanning

To confirm or make the diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism, it’s not required for you to undergo a thyroid scanning. If you undergo one such scan, then it will be able to demonstrate the presence of an ectopic thyroid, like a sublingual or a lingual gland that’s sporadic. If a goiter or a bilobed thyroid in the appropriate position is present, then it suggests either a hyperthyrotropinemia or transient hypothyroidism or an inborn error of thyroid hormone.

As this article conveys, these are the main aspects you need to know about this type of hypothyroidism. By taking action swiftly, doctors will be able to suggest a proper medication plan for the newborn and cure their disease.